Six Things about Automatic Irrigation Systems
An automated irrigation system ensures several positive aspects. Once it is installed, the water distribution in the fields is much more comfortable, and it is not controlled permanently by an operator. Many companies came up with different solutions to design an automated irrigation system.
One operator is required to manage the modern irrigation equipment in big fields and areas. These automated irrigation systems require high-tech components, pumps, and skilled operators if used for more extensive areas. An automatic irrigation system provides proper water supply to each part on the field, which increases the yield of cultivation.
Major Equipment used in Automated Irrigation Systems:
This automated sprinkler system includes four essential components:
- Controller or timer
- Irrigation valves
- Underground piping
- Sprinkler Heads
This equipment of irrigation systems discharges the water equally so that the entire area should be covered. There are also various types of equipment used for discharging water, such as “rotor” heads and “Spray” heads, the people most commonly use these two heads.
Best sprinkler heads to use:
The main factors about lawn size and topography come into play while selecting a sprinkler head. The most commonly used sprinkler heads are rotor heads and spray heads. The spray sprinkler head is generally a shower nozzle that alternates the spraying pattern.
Spray sprinkler heads are specially designed, that they pop out of the ground when the sprinkler system gets active. A large volume of water is discharged through these sprinkler heads in a given amount of time. They are well-suitable for even areas and not on the slopes.
If you want to use the sprinkler head on the slope, then you have to program your sprinkler system in such a way that the water is discharged in short periods. This will allow you to save water and avoid a wasteful run-off.
On the other hand, rotor type sprinkler heads attain a lower application rate, which makes them operational on the slopes. Rotor heads discharge the water more uniformly than other sprinkler heads. These are well-suitable for large areas and offers excellent watering coverage.
It would be a logical choice to use a rotor head sprinkler system to irrigate a large area of lawns.
Pros and Cons of Automated Irrigation Systems:
The automated system eliminates the manual operation of closing and opening the valves. You can change the fertilization process and the frequency of irrigation to optimize these processes. Water can be used from different sources and increase the efficiency of fertilizer and water use.
You can operate the system overnight, and minimize the water loss through evaporation. You can adopt new technologies and advanced crop systems that are difficult to manage manually and are complex. You can start and stop the irrigation process when required, which optimizes all energy requirements.
Automated Irrigation systems can be costly. Big-scale systems have low Self-help compatibility, which makes them more complicated. Most of these automated irrigation systems require electricity to run.
Automated Irrigation System prevents Diseases and Weeds:
Specialized mechanical irrigation systems discharge the water correctly to every plant’s roots. Weeds cannot generate because these irrigation systems sprinkle the water uniformly, not like a rainstorm.
Also, watering the roots prevent leaf diseases. Water does not strike directly to your leaves, flowers, or plant; there is no chance of proliferating. If you’re facing problems related to plant diseases and weeds, you must consult a professional as soon as possible.
Preserves Nutrients and Soil Structure:
Excessive water seeps into the soil when you water the lawn with a hose or a pipe. This results in a lack of nutrients because of water runoff. Soil becomes compacted when you water the yard with a hose.
Thus, using an automated irrigation system produces small droplets that result in reducing soil compaction and preserving nutrients. This system is one of the best options to maintain your field or yard. If you own a field or any cultivated area, then you must install this to make the plant’s growth better.
Water Conservation and Drip Irrigation Systems:
The drip irrigation system includes a series of tubes that contain holes that are opened at specific intervals. The opening of holes is specified to irrigate the garden beds more efficiently and promoting water conservation.
Sprinklers installed in drip irrigation systems spray the water firstly into the air before it touches the ground. Due to wind, the water is carried away and discharged elsewhere than where it was specified to go, which makes the water conservation inefficient.
Drip irrigation system reduces the unnecessary water loss by dripping the water right into the roots. These irrigation systems are usually installed in those areas where shrubs and flowers are growing.
Cost of Installation
The installation cost of the automated irrigation system depends on the size and complexity of your field. The installation cost of an irrigation system on a common area will cost you around $2000 to $3000.
If you know how to install drip irrigation systems, you can buy it at a minimal cost at any home gadget store. The irrigation kits are expensive, assembly is not very complicated, and you can install it in a single day. You can purchase automatic timers for your drip irrigation system for around $25 to $50.
These are the main things about an automated irrigation equipment and systems. You make the best use of them by installing it in your field or lawn. It offers you significant benefits for the cultivation and preserving the nutrients.